|Mohamed Morsy, Egypt's President|
Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy issued the new Constitutional Declaration on 12 August 2012, on Sunday. This Declaration consists of four articles.
SCAF’s Constitutional Addendum issued on 17 June 2012 right before the second round of Egypt’s first democratic presidential election was cancelled. This document limited the powers of the future president granting the SCAF (Supreme Council of the Armed Forces) wider powers including legislative role and governing. According to Morsy’s new Constitutional Declaration this Addendum is to be abrogated.
The new Constitutional Declaration also gives Morsy the right to form the new Constituent Assembly, the body tasked with the drafting of the new state’s Constitution. In case the current Constituent Assembly will fail in performing its duties and the developments in the country will prevent it from successful work and carrying out its responsibilities Egypt’s President will form the new Assembly. This Assembly should represent the full political spectrum and the entire Egyptian society and will be mandated with the drafting of the new Egypt’s Constitution within three months after the formation. Then the draft of the new Constitution has to be represented to Egyptian citizens and put on the national referendum and approved within 30 days after it is written. The parliamentary election to be held within two months of the public’s approval of the state’s new Constitution.
This Constitutional Declaration should be published in Egypt’s official gazette and will be put into effect the following day.